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American Journal of Clinical Ophthalmology

American Journal of Clinical Ophthalmology is an international publication primarily dedicated to publish original research and novel findings in the field of Ophthalmology; This online scientific journal provides a great opportunity to ophthalmologists and vision scientists to discuss and exchange their ideas and major advances in Ophthalmology and Vision Science; The journal publishes original articles, reviews, editorials, letters, and short communications related to all major areas including clinical studies, health, ethical and social issues in the fields of Ophthalmology & Visual Sciences with special emphasis on clinical topics

Aim and Scope

American Journal of Clinical Ophthalmology brings articles in all areas related to ophthalmology, neuro-ophthalmology, ocular oncology, clinical ophthalmology, experimental ophthalmology, pediatric ophthalmology, eye diseases, ophthalmic imaging, ophthalmoscopy, glaucoma, vision research, cataract, cornea and corneal diseases, ocular microbiology, ophthalmic research.

Ophthalmia neonatorum: Ophthalmia neonatorum (ON) also called neonatal conjunctivitis is an acute mucopurulent infection occurring in the first 4 weeks of life, affecting 1.6% to 12% of all newborns caused by chemical, bacterial, or viral processes

Pterygium: A pterygium is a growth of the conjunctiva or mucous membrane that covers the white part of your eye over the cornea. The cornea is the clear front covering of the eye. This benign or noncancerous growth is often shaped like a wedge.

Aphakic glaucoma: Aphakic glaucoma is a serious, sight-threatening complication in children who remain aphakic following congenital cataract surgery. The reported incidence varies from 15% to 45% and it has a higher incidence in small eyes and in babies who undergo surgery before 4 weeks of age.

Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR): Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy is inflammatory retinopathy in the category of white dot syndromes typified by acute loss of one or more zones of outer retinal function associated with photopsia, minimal funduscopic changes, and abnormal electroretinography findings.

Hypertrophic pachymeningitis: Hypertrophic pachymeningitis is a unique clinical entity characterised by fibrosis and thickening of the dura mater with resulting neurological dysfunction. 

Phacomorphic glaucoma: Phacomorphic glaucoma is the term used for secondary angle-closure glaucoma due to lens intumescence. The increase in lens thickness from an advanced cataract, a rapidly intumescent lens, or a traumatic cataract can lead to pupillary block and angle closure.

Pseudoexfoliation syndrome: Pseudoexfoliation syndrome, often abbreviated as PEX and sometimes as PES or PXS, is an aging-related systemic disease manifesting itself primarily in the eyes which is characterized by the accumulation of microscopic granular amyloid-like protein fibers.

Binasal hemianopsia: Binasal hemianopia is a rarely encountered visual field defect. We examined two asymptomatic female patients, aged 17 and 83, with complete binasal hemianopia.

Bitemporal hemianopsia: Bitemporal hemianopsia (or Bitemporal hemianopia) is the medical description of a type of partial blindness where vision is missing in the outer half of both the right and left visual field.

Cycloplegic refraction: Cycloplegic refraction is a procedure used to determine a person\'s complete refractive error by temporarily paralyzing the muscles that aid in focusing the eye. Cycloplegic eye drops are used to temporarily paralyze or relax the ciliary body, or focusing muscle, of the eyes.

Cycloplegic drugs: Cycloplegic drugs are generally muscarinic receptor blockers. These include atropine, cyclopentolate, homatropine, scopolamine and tropicamide. They are indicated for use in cycloplegic refraction (to paralyze the ciliary muscle in order to determine the true refractive error of the eye) and the treatment of uveitis.

Optical coherence tomography (OCT): Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an imaging technique that uses low-coherence light to capture micrometer-resolution, two- and three-dimensional images from within optical scattering media (e.g., biological tissue). It is used for medical imaging and industrial nondestructive testing (NDT).

Juxta fovea retinal telangiectasis: JFT occurs when tiny abnormal blood vessels (or telangiectasias\' pronounced tell an gec TAY shuhs) occur in the fovea. Telangiectasias are blood vessels that branch abnormally and may leak fluid or blood into the retina, which is the portion of the eye that house photoreceptor cells that detect light.

Central serous retinopathy: Central serous retinopathy (CSR), also known as ascentral serous chorioretinopathy (CSC or CSCR), is an eye disease that causes visual impairment, often temporary, usually in one eye.

Involutional ectropion: Involutional entropion usually occurs in the lower eyelids. The factors thought to play a role in the development of involutional entropion are tissue atrophy with horizontal laxity of the eyelid, attenuation or disinsertion of eyelid retractors, and overridden by the preseptal orbicularis.

Depth perception: Depth perception is the ability to see things in three dimensions (including length, width and depth), and to judge how far away an object is.

Lacrimal fistula: Congenital lacrimal fistula is a rare developmental condition. Patients may be asymptomatic or have tearing from the fistula, the eye or both.

Sagging eye syndrome: Sagging eye syndrome (SES), first described by Rutar and Demer in 2009, is a cause of acquired, small-angle horizontal and vertical strabismus that most often occurs in elderly patients

Spontaneous periorbital ecchymosis: Raccoon eyes (also known in the United Kingdom and Ireland as panda eyes) or periorbital ecchymosis is a sign of basal skull fracture or subgaleal hematoma, a craniotomy that ruptured the meninges, or (rarely) certain cancers.

Neonatal conjunctivitis: Neonatal conjunctivitis is a red eye in a newborn caused by infection, irritation, or a blocked tear duct. When caused by an infection, neonatal conjunctivitis can be very serious.

Ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid: Ocular mucous membrane pemphigoid is a chronic, bilateral, progressive scarring and shrinkage of the conjunctiva with the opacification of the cornea. Early symptoms are hyperemia and irritation; progression leads to the eyelid and corneal damage and sometimes blindness.

Non-Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (NAION): Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) refers to the loss of blood flow to the optic nerve (which is the cable that connects the eye to the brain). This condition typically causes sudden vision loss in one eye, without any pain.

Arteritic Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (AAION): Arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AAION or arteritic AION) is the cause of vision loss that occurs in temporal arteritis (aka giant-cell arteritis). Temporal arteritis is an inflammatory disease of medium-sized blood vessels that happens especially with advancing age.

Macular pseudohole: Macular pseudo hole Not a true hole; rather it is a condition in which scar tissue called epiretinal membrane tugs or pulls on the underlying retina, which can look similar to a macular hole during a clinical eye examination.

Scleromalacia perforans:  Scleromalacia perforans is a rare ocular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis which can potentially lead to blindness and is a late consequence in the course of the disease. It is an unusual finding for it to be present in a patient with joint pain without any rheumatologic progression of the disease.

Orbital subperiosteal hematoma: Orbital subperiosteal hematoma, commonly called orbital subperiosteal hemorrhage, is a rare pathology defined by a collection of blood within the potential space between the periosteum and the bones of the orbit.


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